Anesthesia- all you need to know before you take one | Kogland

Anesthesia- all you need to know before you take one

Feb 22, 2022

Before performing surgery, a patient is administered a drug called anesthetic to prevent the patient from feeling the pain while performing the surgery. Depending on health, surgery, the anesthesia physicist creates an action plan to administer the drug successfully to the patient.

There are four types of anesthesia they are:

Local anesthesia:Here, the patient is numbed in one small area where the surgery is to be performed while the patient remains awake during the surgery.

Regional anesthesia: This anesthesia numbs a larger part of the body such as the arm or leg. Epidural anesthesia during pregnancy is an example of regional anesthesia.

General anesthesia: General anesthesia is the anesthesia in which the patient goes to a coma-like state and will not be able to remember what happened to them after surgery. General anesthesia affects the whole body and numbs the brain from receiving pain signals.

Intravenous sedation: Intravenous sedation also known as monitored sedation is anesthesia in which patients are given medicines through IV. It is used in procedures like gastrointestinal endoscopy, colonoscopy, etc.

Before the doctor schedules the surgery or anesthesia, you will be asked to do a pre-anesthetic check-up ( PAC). Below is a short on PAC.

Pre-anesthetic evaluation or pre-anesthetic checkup (PAC).

A pre-anesthetic check-up is a prerequisite to anesthesia.

1) An appointment will be fixed with your anesthesiologist for a pre-anesthetic checkup.

2) During the check-up, the doctor will examine your health and medical condition. The doctor will examine your past and present medical conditions.

3) In order to assess your health and check your fitness, the doctor will assess your health by examining if you have a cold, cough, or upper respiratory issue.

4) The doctor will also examine your hypertension, blood pressure, and diabetes ( if any).

5) The thyroid will be checked; hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism.

6) The health of your heart will also be put into focus. Surgeries like angioplasty or other heart surgeries will be given special attention. Tests will be also conducted to make sure you are free from other heart complications.

7) Apart from all these, you will be advised to do a laboratory test such as creatin test, haemoglobin test, kidney test, liver test, etc.

8) If you are suffering from any medical condition that requires attention, you will be referred to the concerned specialized doctor.

9) Based on the evaluation done, a plan will be drafted as per your medical needs and availability.

10) The sole purpose of PAC is to assure safety and comfort during surgery. The plan will be discussed with you and surgery will be scheduled. Postoperative requirements will also be discussed with you.

11) Before the surgery, you will be informed about the risk factors involved with the process and will be asked to sign a consent form.

Do’s and Dont’s before surgery

Food and water: One should not consume food 6hrs - 8hrs prior to anesthesia. You should also make it a point not to have water two hours before anesthesia. Breast milk can be fed four hours before the surgery. You are also allowed to feed babies 6 hours before the surgery. Some of the processes like endoscopy, colonoscopy demand special diet charts that need to be strictly followed which will be recommended by your physician.

Hygiene and cleanliness: Make it a point to take a shower on the eve (night) of the surgery and on the morning of the date scheduled. Make sure your fingernails are trimmed or clean. It would be advised to shave your beard, moustache, and other facial hair prior to surgery. Self-hygiene and cleanliness go a long way.

Drink and smoke: Do not drink and smoke prior to the surgery. Also, it is strongly advised to quit smoking once you have been scheduled for surgery. Smoking can increase your chances of respiratory and cardiac complications. In fact, recovery is found to be a lot easier in people who don’t smoke compared to the ones who do.

Nail polish: You should remove your nail polish before the surgery. This is done to accurately measure your oxygen while performing the surgery.

Hearing aids and contact lenses: If you have a hearing inability or poor visibility, make sure you have your hearing aids on or glasses on while performing surgery. Use contact lenses or wear your glasses if needed. This should help establish clear communication between you and health care providers.

Dentures: For the ease of surgeries, you will be asked to remove all non-permanent dentures while performing surgery.

Anesthesia is a lot safer than ever before. Thanks to advancements in science and technology, the control and cure of even the deadliest diseases are at your fingertips and so have anesthesia had its own makeover in these past years. But this does not guarantee a zero percent risk. Therefore, you should talk to your doctor and get an appropriate action plan from your anesthesiologist before you go ahead with your surgery. A good action plan and a good doctor can go a long way.



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