Essential Medical Equipment Required for Every Hospital

Hospitals come across innumerable emergencies and misfortune events each day. To tackle such events efficiently and provide comprehensive treatments, it is necessary for every healthcare organization, big or small, to stay rightly equipped. Here’s a list of 10 must have medical equipment to practice best patient care.


Sphygmomanometer is an instrument that helps measure blood pressure in arteries. The machine comprises of an inflammable rubber cuff that is wrapped around the arm, a bulb to inflate the cuff and a valve to release pressure. A stethoscope is used along with this machine to hear the arterial blood flow.

Diving deep into the origin of its name, the word "sphygmomanometer" originated from the Greek word “sphygmos”, which means the beating of the heart or the pulse + manometer, a device for measuring pressure or tension.

An average blood pressure reading for an adult is 120/78. This would however differ with age and many other factors. Children and adults with smaller or larger than average-sized arm would need special-sized pressure cuffs.


A stethoscope is one of the most important as well as the most basic instruments required in a hospital. Invented by a French physician R.T.H. Laënnec, this equipment is used to listen to the sounds made by the heart, lungs or intestines, as well as blood flow in arteries and veins. It is also commonly used with a Sphygmomanometer to measure blood pressure. In 1819, this instrument was described as a perforated wooden cylinder used to transmit sounds from a patient’s body to physician’s ear.

The medical instrument typically has a small disc-shaped resonator which is placed against the skin of the patient to absorb the sounds of the organs and two tubes connected to two ear pieces, to allow a physician to hear the sounds.

A stethoscope, being the most common and basic medical equipment used by every doctor, can be purchased very easily online. However, it is necessary that you check the authenticity and quality of the medical equipment online store, while purchasing them.


Another widely used medical equipment in healthcare, technology, scientific research as well as at homes, is the thermometer. It is a device used to measure and indicate temperatures. In medical or healthcare field, this instrument is used to measure body temperatures.

Although, the thermometer was not completely a single person invention, yet the first reliable thermometer was invented by a Dutch scientist, Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit in 1714. The thermometer consists of a temperature sensor that changes according to the temperature it is placed on. The temperature is measured in degrees, either in Celsius or Fahrenheit system.>/p>


A nebulizer is a drug delivery device that turns liquid medicines to mist, to be inhaled into the lungs. This device is usually prescribed for asthma patients and delivers the same type of medication as metered-dose inhalers (MDIs). Infact a nebulizer is lot easier to use than MDIs and hence is normally prescribed to children or adults with severe asthma.

A nebulizer comes in both electric and battery-run versions. It also comes in both portable size as well as a larger size that is meant to be put on a table and plugged on. Despite the size, the device is always made up of a base that holds an air compressor, a tube that connects the air compressor to the medicine container, and a small container for liquid medicine. Above the medicine container is a mouthpiece that is used to inhale the mist.

Anaesthesia Machine

An anaesthesia machine is an apparatus used to deliver general anaesthesia to patients undergoing surgical procedures or other painful medical treatments. The device generates a continuous flow of medical gases that induces sleep and prevents the body from feeling pain. The machine is commonly used with a mechanical ventilator, suction equipment, breathing system, and patient monitoring devices for enhanced efficiency. However, for more ease, the modern anaesthesia machines come with monitors and touch-screen display that provides continuous data on heart rate and oxygen saturation levels.

Walking a few years back, the original concept of anaesthesia machine was invented by the British anaesthetist, Henry Boyle, in 1917. Prior to this, anaesthesiologists had to carry all their equipment with them. Today, with a more flexible and simplified system, an anaesthesia machine makes an essential part of a full-fledged healthcare organization.

Patient Monitoring Equipment

The increasing number of patients in hospitals and the need to provide top-notch patient-centric services is driving the growth of patient-monitoring systems. A patient monitoring equipment is used to monitor a disease, patient’s condition or medical parameters over time. The device normally consists of sensors, processing components, display devices, as well as communication links to send across recordings and reports.

Enabling doctors, nurses and other healthcare providers to monitor vital signs of patients like heart rate, respiratory rate, blood pressure, blood oxygen saturation, and other such parameters, makes patient monitoring machine an essential device for hospitals. The modern-day monitoring technology makes it even easier to provide improved patient care with smarter alarms and virtually gap-free data that helps prevent adverse events.

ECG Monitor

Electrocardiogram (ECG) monitor, is a device to test the functioning of the heart. The device records or tracks the electrical signals of the heart to a moving paper or displays it as a moving line on a screen. Enabling easy detecting of heart problems and monitoring of heart status, this device becomes a standard equipment in operating rooms and ambulances.

An ECG test helps screen and diagnose a variety of cardiac problems. The machine usually comprises of a monitor that records the strength and timing of the heart signals as graphs called the P wave. Traditional ECG monitors used patches and wires to attach electrodes to the patient's body to communicate the ECG trace to the receiver.

X-Ray Viewer

An X-Ray viewer is a device used to identify the internal problems of a human body. This device has been used by doctors for decades to image tests. Enabling doctors to diagnose, monitor and treat medical conditions without the need to make an incision, is what makes this medical equipment increasingly important for hospitals.

With advancement in medical technology, X ray viewers today come in a wide range which includes single, double, and triple slimline viewers. Keeping in mind the continuously changing demands of hospitals, the X-Ray are now developed to effectively view M.R.I, C.T. and X-Ray images.

ICU Beds

Although it sounds pretty common and minutely important, ICU beds are the one hospital requirement that necessarily needs to be highly hygienic and comfortable. Hence, ICU beds are specifically designed to provide extensive comfort and care for patients under intensive care unit.

Modern ICU beds are built combining smart ergonomics with advanced technology to provide enhanced safety and care for patients. These ICU beds also comes in electrical as well as mechanical, with abilities to adjust heights as required. Being a basic medical requirement for extending patient care, ICU beds becomes one of the top must have general equipment in hospitals.

Stretchers & Wheelchairs

Stretchers and wheelchairs are other important apparatuses required in a hospital. They are used to move patients in critical conditions to treatments rooms or operations theatres. Since, these apparatus deals with patients who require extensive medical care, they are generally crafted with anti-bacterial and anti-microbial properties.

With online stores rapidly making its way to the highly-preferred shopping platforms in India, all the above-mentioned equipment are easily available at just a few clicks. However, while choosing your hospital equipment suppliers, do ensure their safety, reliability and quality. To learn how Kogland can help you with quality hospital equipment and supplies, get in touch with us today!